Seasonal Diseases And Precautions
We are all aware that some diseases are common in certain seasons. Cold, cough and flu in winter, malaria and dengue in monsoon, diarrhea in summer are common occurrences every year. These diseases can cause a host of problems ranging from simple ones like not feeling well, having to take time off from work or school, to loss of pay, hospitalization, and in the worst case scenario, death.
Being aware of the common diseases during various seasons is vital as disease outbreaks are natural calamities; but managing their impact is in human control.
Taking precautions before the onset of a disease enables us to reduce illnesses and visits to the doctor, stop missing work or school as well as prevent hospitalizations and deaths and the economic impact of diseases.
As anyone who has been to see a doctor or been hospitalized will attest, being sick is a very expensive proposition. For example, study shows that there was an average of 5.78 million dengue cases per year between 2006 and 2012, and the direct annual medical cost was US $ 548 million . This is exclusive of indirect medical costs that arise from reduced productivity, worker replacement and loss of pay .
Maintaining a proper immunization schedule, adhering to hygienic practices, consumption of healthy food and water, and making sure that our surroundings do not support the breeding of insects like mosquitoes can help prevent the onset of many seasonal diseases.
Common seasonal diseases of winter include cold, cough, flu, bronchitis, dry and itchy skin. Most often, the diseases of winter are caused by viral infections. These common seasonal diseases can be avoided by taking necessary precautions:
- Wear suitable clothes
- Cover your mouth and nose while sneezing or coughing
- Regularly wash your hands with soap and water
- Avoid exposure to illness at home or school
- Have a balanced, healthy diet to build immunity
- If you have a pre-existing lung or respiratory condition, consult a specialist during the change of season
- Vaccination against flu may be considered for people at a high risk of getting flu and for people who are vulnerable like young children, pregnant women, people with chronic health conditions like asthma, diabetes, heart and lung disease and people over 65 years
- Moisturise your skin regularly to prevent dry and itchy skin